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MIMSHAOJIE

发布时间:2016/04/09

MIM烧结

  

 XIANDAIKEXUEJISHUDEBUDUANFAZHANQIANYINZHEGONGCHENGCAILIAOXIANGZHEFUHEHUA、GAOXINGNENGHUA、GONGNENGHUA、JIEGOUGONGNENGYITIHUAHEZHINENGHUAFANGXIANGFAZHAN,GEXINGYEDUICAILIAODEXINGNENGTICHULEYUELAIYUEGAODEYAOQIU。RENMENZAIBUDUANDIXUNQIUXINXINGCAILIAODEZHIBEIFANGFA,XIAOXINGHUA、ZIDONGHUA、JINGMIHUA、SHENGNENGYUAN、WUWURANDECAILIAOZHIBEIFANGFACHENGWEIRENMENZHUIQIUDEMUBIAO。XIANDAIFENMOYEJINJISHUYOUYUQISHAOQIEXIE,WUQIEXIEJIJINJINGCHENGXINGDEGONGYITEDIAN,ZAIXINCAILIAODEZHIBEIZHONGFAHUILEYUELAIYUEDADEZUOYONG。TADEDIHAO、JIENENG、JIECAI,YIKONGZHICHANPINKONGXIDU,YISHIXIANJINSHU-FEIJINSHUFUHE,SHU-GAOFENZIFUHEDENGTEDIANSHIQICHENGWEIZHIQUGEZHONGGAOXINGNENGJIEGOUCAILIAO,TEZHONGGONGNENGCAILIAOHEJIXIANTIAOJIANXIAGONGZUOCAILIAODEYOUXIAOTUJING,SHOUDAOLERENMENDEGUANGFANGUANZHU。

 CONGXIANDAIFUHECAILIAOJISHUDELILUNLAIKAN,FENMOYEJINFUHEJISHUCONGWEIGUANSHANGGAIBIANLEDANYICAILIAODEXINGNENG,YIKAOKUOSANLIUDONGSHIWUZHIFASHENGQIANYI,TONGSHIYUANCAILIAODEJINGTIZUZHIFASHENGBIANHUA,ZUIZHONG“YOUYU”CHUGAOXINGNENGDEFUHECAILIAO。ERSHAOJIEZUOWEIFENMOYEJINSHENGCHANGUOCHENGZHONGZUIZHONGYAODEGONGXU,YIZHIYILAISHIRENMENYANJIUDEZHONGDIAN,GEZHONGCUJINSHAOJIEDEFANGFABUDUANYONGXIAN,DUIGAIJINSHAOJIEGONGYI,TIGAOFENMOYEJINZHIPINDELIXUEXINGNENG,JIANGDIWUZHIYUNENGYUANXIAOHAO,QILEJIJIDEZUOYONG。XIAMIANSHIJIZHONGJINJINIANCHUXIANDESHAOJIEXINJISHU:

 

1、FANGDIANDENGLIZITISHAOJIE(Spark Plasma Sintering,SPS)

 FANGDIANDENGLIZITISHAOJIE(SPS)YECHENGZUODENGLIZITIHUOHUASHAOJIE(Plasma Activated Sintering,PAS)HUOMAICHONGDIANLIUREYASHAOJIE(Pulse Current Pressure Sintering),SHIZI90NIANDAIYILAIGUOWAIKAISHIYANJIUDEYIZHONGKUAISUSHAOJIEXINGONGYI。YOUYUTARONGDENGLIZITIHUOHUA,REYA,DIANZUJIAREWEIYITI,JUYOUSHAOJIESHIJIANDUAN,WENDUKONGZHIZHUNQUE,YIZIDONGHUA,SHAOJIEYANGPINKELIJUNYUN,ZHIMIDUGAODENGYOUDIAN,JINZAIJIFENZHONGZHINEIJIUSHISHAOJIECHANPINDEXIANGDUILILUNMIDUJIEJIN100%,ERQIENENGYIZHIYANGPINKELIDEZHANGDA,TIGAOCAILIAODEGEZHONGXINGNENG,YINERZAICAILIAOCHULIGUOCHENGZHONGCHONGFENXIANSHILEYOUYUEXING。

 JIANGSHUNJIAN、DUANXU、GAONENGMAICHONGDIANLIUTONGRENZHUANGYOUFENMODEMOJUSHANG,ZAIFENMOKELIJIANJIKECHANSHENGDENGLIZIFANGDIAN,YOUYUDENGLIZITISHIYIZHONGGAOHUOXINGLIZIHUADEDIANDAOQITI,YINCI,DENGLIZITINENGXUNSUXIAOCHUFENMOKELIBIAOMIANXIFUDEZAZHIHEQITI,BINGJIAKUAIWUZHIGAOSUDUDEKUOSANHEQIANYI,DAOZHIFENMODEJINGHUA、HUOHUA、JUNHUADENGXIAOYING。DISANDAISPSSHEBEICAIYONGDESHIKAIGUANZHILIUMAICHONGDIANYUAN,ZAI50 HzGONGDIANDIANYUANXIA,FASHENGYIGEMAICHONGDESHIJIANWEI312 ms,YOUYUQIANGMAICHONGDIANLIUJIAZAIFENMOKELIJIAN,JIKECHANSHENGZHUDUOYOULIYUKUAISUSHAOJIEDEXIAOYING。SHOUXIAN,YOUYUMAICHONGFANGDIANCHANSHENGDEFANGDIANCHONGJI 3BOYIJIDIANZI,LIZIZAIDIANCHANGZHONGFANFANGXIANGDEGAOSULIUDONG,KESHIFENMOXIFUDEQITIYISAN,FENMOBIAOMIANDEQISHIYANGHUAMOZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGKEBEIJICHUAN,SHIFENMODEYIJINGHUA、HUOHUA;QICI,YOUYUMAICHONGSHISHUNJIAN、DUANXU、GAOPINLVFASHENG,ZAIFENMOKELIWEIJIECHUBUWEICHANSHENGDEFANGDIANRE,YIJIFENMOKELIJIECHUBUWEICHANSHENGDEJIAOERRE,DOUDADACUJINLEFENMOKELIYUANZIDEKUOSAN,QIKUOSANXISHUBITONGCHANGREYATIAOJIANXIADEYAODADEDUO,ERDADAOFENMOSHAOJIEDEKUAISUHUA;ZUIHOU,KAIGUANKUAISUMAICHONGDEJIARU,WULUNSHIFENMONEIDEFANGDIANBUWEIHAISHICHANSHENGJIAOERREBUWEI,DOUHUIKUAISUYIDONG,SHIFENMODESHAOJIENENGGOUJUNYUNHUA。

 

2、WEIBOSHAOJIE(Microwave Sintering)  

 WEIBOSHAOJIESHIYIZHONGLIYONGWEIBOJIARELAIDUICAILIAOJINXINGSHAOJIEDEFANGFA。WEIBOSHAOJIEJISHUSHILIYONGCAILIAOXISHOUWEIBONENGZHUANHUAWEINEIBUFENZIDEDONGNENGHERENENG,SHIDECAILIAOZHENGTIJUNYUNJIAREZHIYIDINGWENDUERSHIXIANZHIMIHUASHAOJIEDEYIZHONGFANGFA,SHIKUAISUZHIBEIGAOZHILIANGDEXINCAILIAOHEZHIBEIJUYOUXINDEXINGNENGDECHUANTONGCAILIAODEZHONGYAOJISHUSHOUDUAN。TONGCHANGGUISHAOJIEFANGFAXIANGBI,WEIBOSHAOJIEJUYOUKUAISUJIARE,SHAOJIEWENDUDI,XIHUACAILIAOZUZHI,GAIJINCAILIAOXINGNENG,ANQUANWUWURANYIJIGAOXIAOJIENENGDENGYOUDIAN,YINERBEICHENGWEIXINYIDAISHAOJIEFANGFA。YUCHUANTONGDESHAOJIEGONGYISHENGCHANDEGONGJIANXIANGBI,YONGWEIBOSHAOJIEZHICHENGDEGONGJIANJUYOUJIAOGAODEMIDU、YINGDUHEQIANGRENXING。DUANSHIJIANSHAOJIECHANSHENGJUNYUNDEXIJINGLIXIANWEIJIEGOU,NEIBUKONGXIHENSHAO,KONGXIXINGZHUANGBICHUANTONGSHAOJIEDEYUAN,YINERJUYOUGENGHAODEYANZHANXINGHERENXING。WEIBOJIARENENGSHIGONGJIANJIAREJUNYUN,JIARESUDUKEYIGAODA1500/℃FENZHONG,DUIMOUXIECAILIAOSHENZHIKEYIYIHENSHAODESHURUNENGLIANGSHIXIAN2000℃YISHANGDEGAOWEN。YOUYUWEIBODUIDADUOSHUFENMOTAOCICAILIAOYOUHENDADECHUANTOUXING,KEYIJUNYUNDIJIAREGONGJIAN,JIANXIAOGAOWENSHAOJIEGUOCHENGZHONGDEWENDUTIDU,CONGERJIANGDIYOUPENGZHANGBUJUNYUNCHANSHENGDECAILIAOBIANXING,SHIXUNSUSHENGWENCHENGWEIKENENG,ERQIEZAIGAOWENXIATINGLIUDESHIJIANKEYIDAFUDUSUODUAN,YIZHIJINGLIDEZHANGDA,GAISHANCAILIAODEWULI,LIXUEXINGNENG。WEIBOSHAOJIESHIYUSHANGSHIJI70NIANDAI,DAOMUQIANWEIZHI,XUDUOYANGHUAWUHEFEIYANGHUAWU,CONGDISUNHAOTAOCI(RUY—A1203)DAOGAOSUNHAOTAOCI (RUSiC、TiB2HEBC)DENGDEWEIBOSHAOJIEJUNJIANBAODAO。

 

3、DIANCHANGHUOHUASHAOJIE(Field activated sintering tech—nique,FAST)

 DIANCHANGHUOHUASHAOJIEJISHUZAISHAOJIESHIYAOSHIJIADIANCHANG。TAYOUXUDUOYOUDIAN:JINGDIANCHANGHUOHUASHAOJIEHOU,XIANWEIJIEGOUKEYIXIHUA,BINGKETIGAOGANGDECUITOUXING。ZAIFENMOSHAOJIEZHONG,SHIJIADIANCHANGKEGUJIENANYISHAOJIEDEFENMO,TABICHUANTONGSHAOJIEWENDUDI,SHIJIANDUAN,DANSHAOJIEZHIPINMIDUGAO,ZHILIANGHAOERQIESHENGCHANLVGAO。TASHITONGGUOSHIJIADUANXUDEDIDIANYA(~30 V)HEGAODIANLIU(>600 A)LAISHIXIANMAICHONGFANGDIANDE。MAICHONGFANGDIANHOUZAISHIJIAZHILIUDIAN。MAICHONGFANGDIANYUSHIJIAZHILIUDIANYEKETONGSHIJINXING。SHIJIADEYALIKEYISHIHENGDINGDE,YEKEYISHIKEBIANDE。

 CONGZHUANGFENDAOTUOMO,ZHENGGEGUOCHENGBUDAO10 minJIUKEYIWANCHENG。YIBANLAISHUO,BUXUYAOTIANJIAJIHUOZHANJIEJI,YEBUXUYAOSHIXIANLENGYA。ZAIDADUOSHUQINGKUANGXIA,SHAOJIESHIZAIKONGQIZHONGJINXINGDE,BUXUYAOKEKONGQIFENHUOSHIXIANFENMOTUOQI。FASTZHIMIHUAYIYONGYUYEXIANGHUOGUXIANGSHAOJIEDEDAODIANCAILIAO,CHAODAOCAILIAO,JUEYUANCAILIAO,FUHECAILIAOJIGONGNENGTIDUCAILIAODENG,YEKEYONGYUTONGSHIZHIMIHUAYUHECHENGHUAHEWU。  

 

 4、JINSHUFENMOXUANZEXINGJIGUANGSHAOJIECHENGXING(Selective lasersintering, 5SLS)

 XUANZEXINGJIGUANGSHAOJIECHENGXING(SLS)SHIYINGYONGFENCENGZHIZAOFANGFA,YIGUTIFENMOCAILIAOZHIJIECHENGXINGSANWEISHITILINGJIAN,BUSHOUCAILIAOZHONGLEIDEXIANZHI,BUSHOULINGJIANXINGZHUANGFUZACHENGDUDEXIANZHI。QIGONGYISHISHOUXIANZAIJISUANJISHANGWANCHENGFUHE

XUYAODESANWEICADMOXING,ZAIYONGFENCENGRUANJIANDUIMOXINGJINXINGFENCENG,DEDAOMEICENGDEJIEMIAN,CAIYONGZIDONGKONGZHIJISHU,SHIJIGUANGYOUXUANZEDISHAOJIECHUYUJISUANJINEILINGJIANJIEMIANXIANGDUIYINGBUFENDEFENMO,SHIFENMOJINGSHAOJIERONGHUA、LENGQUE、NINGGU、CHENGXING。WANCHENGYICENGSHAOJIEHOUZAIJINXINGXIAYICENGSHAOJIE,QIELIANGCENGZHIJIANSHAOJIEXIANGLIAN。RUCICENGCENGSHAOJIE,DUIJI,JIEGUOSHAOJIEBUFENQIAHAOSHIYUCADYUANXINGYIZHIDESHITI,ERWEISHAOJIEBUFENZESHISONGSANFENMO,KEYIQIDAOZHICHENGDEZUOYONG,BINGZAIZUIHOUHENRONGYIQINGLIDIAO。KEGONGXUANQUSHAOJIEDECAILIAOFEICHANGGUANGFAN,YOUSHILAFEN、SULIAOFEN、JINSHUFENHETAOCIFENDENG。JINSHUFENMODEXUANQUJIGUANGSHAOJIESHIMUQIANXUANQUJIGUANGSHAOJIEJISHUDEYANJIUZHONGDIAN,JINSHUFENMOZAIJIGUANGSHAOJIECHENGXINGSUODEDAODELINGJIANZHISHIYIZHONGPITI,QIJIXIEXINGNENGHEREXUEXINGNENGHAIXUTONGGUOHOUCHULIJINYIBUTIGAO。

 LIYONGJINSHUFENMOJINXINGXUANQUJIGUANGSHAOJIECHENGXINGSHIYIGEHENYOUFAZHANQIANTUDEGONGYIFANGFA,JUYOUGUANGKUODEYINGYONGQIANJING。YOUYUJIGUANGSHAOJIEJINSHUFENMOSHIYIGEFUZADEGONGYIGUOCHENG,SHAOJIENANDUJIAODA,JIGUANGGONGLV、SAOMIAOSUDU、SAOMIAOFANGSHIDENGDOUDUISHAOJIEJINGDUYOUYINGXIANG,ZHIJIEZHIZAOCHUGAOJINGDUDEJINSHULINGJIANSHIJIGUANGKUAISUCHENGXINGZHUIQIUDEMUBIAO。

 

5、REZHENDANGHUOHUASHAOJIE(Heat shock activated sinter—ing,HSAS)

2003NIAN,XIANJIAOTONGDAXUECHAIDONGLANGKETIZUZAIYUANWEIGUANCHA 6A1—10MgERYUANCHUNJINSHUFENMOTIXIDESHAOJIEGUOCHENGSHIFAXIAN,PUTONGDIANZUJIAREXINGCHENGDEBODONGWENDUCHANGDUISHAOJIEJUYOUREZHENDANGHUOHUAXIAOYING,NENGJIAODACHENGDUSHANGTIGAOMEIKELIZAILVJITIZHONGDERONGHUASUDU,BODONGWENDUCHANGDESHAOJIEGUOCHENGYAOBIHENGWENCHANGDUANHENDUO。YOUYULIYONGDIANZUJIAREDECHUANTONGSHAOJIEGONGYIYOUZHEGUANGFANDEYINGYONGJICHU,ZHEIDUICHONGFENFAHUIXIANYOUDESHAOJIESHEBEIDEGONGZUOQIANLI,TIGAOSHEBEIDEGONGZUOXIAOLVDOUYOUZHIJIEDEZHIDAOYIYI,CONGERKEYIGAISHANSHAOJIETIDEZHILIANG,TIGAOFENMOYEJINDESHENGCHANXIAOLV,YIJIJIEYUENENGYUANHEJIANGDIXINSHEBEITOURUDENGDENG。  

FENMOYEJINSHAOJIEJISHU,SHIXIANLEFUZAXINGZHUANGLINGJIANDEGAOJINGDU,PILIANGHUASHENGCHAN,QICHENGPINLVGAO,JIAGONGNENGHAOSHAO。XIANGXINZAIBUYUANDEJIANGLAI,FENMOYEJINSHAOJIEGONGYIHAIHUIYOUGENGKUAISUDEFAZHAN,GEZHONGSHAOJIEXINGONGYIJIANGBUDUANMIANSHI,TUIDONGSHEHUIKEJIDEJINBU。DUIYUJINSHUZHIPIN,ZHONGDUANCHANGJIAGUANXINDESHIJINSHUZHUSHECHENGXINGJIZHONGLIAOGUANZUDESHIYONGSHOUMING,JINXIENIANLAI,GUONEIGEGECHANGJIAYUCITOURULEDALIZIBEN。ZHEJIANGHUAYESULIAOJIXIEYOUXIANGONGSIYEBULIWAI,ZHENDUIYANZHANGZHIZUOJINSHUZHIPINDECAILIAOJINXINGBUDUANDEYANJIUGAIJIN。WEILEMANZUGAODUANKEHUDEXUQIU,ZHEJIANGHUAYESULIAOJIXIEYOUXIANGONGSIYINJINLEXINDESHAOJIEGONGYI,BICHUANTONGTEZHONGHEJINCAILIAODESHIYONGSHOUMINGTIGAOLE5BEIYISHANG。

 

 


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